Quality of Steel
Steel is an intensely useful alloy made by the combination of two metals namely iron and carbon. The strength, hardness, ductility, and malleability of steel is proportional to the amount of carbon content in steel. It is the carbon content that makes the steel hard and a metal of extensive endurance. Steel, thus, very appropriately forms the new choice for metal fabrications for many builders, which has initiated a revolution in the building industry by introducing the steel construction.
Steel encompasses high metallic strength in its structure and is synonymous with endurance and resistance. Its solid quality renders it resistant against corrosion, rusting, scraping and other general forms of deterioration, making it the most sought-after alloy for both generic and specialized use. Steel has become an indispensable part of mechanical industries due to its long lasting tenacity.
Methods used to improve the quality of steel:
Steel types depend on the kind of soft iron and carbon used in its construction along with the technique and the procedure used in its production. Many other metals such as Molybdenum or tungsten are added to steel to make it high speed steel and chromium and nickel are added to it to make stainless steel. This invariably improves the quality of the steel metal. The above mentioned added metals form superior quality metal alloys which can be used for various purposes. Other methods used to ameliorate the quality of steel by steel manufacturers and steel suppliers are special techniques for steel fabrication such as special heat-treating ovens and slow-quenching methods to control the hardness and temper.
Judging the quality of steel:
The quality of the alloy can be very well judged by its appearance and lustrous surface. The more the luster on the surface, the more refine will the steel be. To judge steel properties like tenacity and endurance, the alloy can be subjected to a series of procedures involving stress and shock. The reaction to these processes can determine whether the steel is fit for the purpose it is required.
There is also another factor called the R-factor or the resistant factor which measures the magnitude of resistance present in a particular kind of steel. The R-factor that should be possessed by the steel used in steel buildings must be about 28 gauge, which will ensure the perpetual strength that a steel building should possess. Steel has, thus, proved to be one of the most useful metal alloys for mankind as of now, it can be used to make not just tools or utensils but buildings that are beyond comparison. There are many more scientific methods of measuring the quality of the alloy such as texture measurement technique etc is also employed.
In layman’s term the quality can be measured by the steel specifications like hardness of surface, brightness and smoothness of the surface and absence of any depressions or troughs.
Steel forms the basic building material for a steel building, hence its quality needs to be world class in every respect. The alloy has not only got to be hard but it has got to be durable and malleable. The alloy should be flexible enough in order to allow molding into different shapes for construction. Steel is a very hard metal alloy and its uses are innumerable. The everlasting ability of a steel building or prefabricated metal building is attributed to its building material i.e high quality steel, which with its durability imparts steel buildings a 25-30 years of existence.
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